# Advanced Academic Class for 9th

### (Maths, Science, Social, English) 3hrs

ScienceGenic is proud to offer the Advanced Academic Classroom Program, specifically designed to support students of grades 9th. This program delivers high-quality, in-depth education that prepares students for academic success and future opportunities. Here’s what makes our program exceptional

Specialized Subject Teachers: Our program features highly qualified and specialized teachers for every subject area—Math, Science, Social Studies, and English. These educators bring expert knowledge and passion to the classroom, ensuring students receive exceptional instruction tailored to each subject.

Supervised and Supported Teaching: The Advanced Academic Classroom Program is supervised to maintain teaching quality and effectiveness. Teachers receive ongoing support from the syllabus manager and psychologist to ensure a well-rounded and holistic approach to education.

Integrated Communication Channels: We encourage seamless communication between the syllabus manager, psychologist, and teachers. This collaborative approach ensures a comprehensive learning experience that considers both academic and emotional well-being.

Deep Understanding of Subject Knowledge: Our curriculum goes beyond surface-level learning to provide students with an in-depth understanding of each subject. Through advanced concepts and challenging topics, students develop critical thinking and analytical skills.

Personalized Guidance and Support: Recognizing individual learning styles and needs, we offer personalized guidance to help students excel. Our collaborative team works closely with students to provide targeted support and address any areas for improvement.

Regular Assessments and Feedback: We believe in continuous improvement. Regular assessments help track student progress and provide valuable feedback. This information guides our teaching strategies, ensuring students stay on track and continue to grow.

Parental Engagement: We value open communication with parents and guardians. Through regular updates and feedback, we keep you informed about your child’s progress and involve you in their educational journey.

Empower your 9th grader with the Advanced Academic Classroom Program at ScienceGenic. Enroll today and give your child the opportunity to excel in their studies and develop the skills needed for future success.

### Mathematics Class 9 Syllabus CBSE

UNIT I: NUMBER SYSTEMS

REAL NUMBERS

Review of representation of natural numbers, integers, and rational numbers on the number line. Rational numbers as recurring/ terminating decimals. Operations on real numbers.

Examples of non-recurring/non-terminating decimals. Existence of non-rational numbers (irrational numbers) such as , and their representation on the number line. Explaining that every real number is represented by a unique point on the number line and conversely, viz. every point on the number line represents a unique real number.

Definition of nth root of a real number.

Rationalization (with precise meaning) of real numbers of the type (and their combinations) where x and y are natural number and a and b are integers. Recall of laws of exponents with integral powers. Rational exponents with positive real bases (to be done by particular cases, allowing learner to arrive at the general laws.)

UNIT II: ALGEBRA

POLYNOMIALS

Definition of a polynomial in one variable, with examples and counter examples. Coefficients of a polynomial, terms of a polynomial and zero polynomial. Degree of a polynomial. Constant, linear, quadratic and cubic polynomials. Monomials, binomials, trinomials. Factors and multiples. Zeros of a polynomial. Motivate and State the Remainder Theorem with examples. Statement and proof of the Factor Theorem. Factorization of ax2 + bx + c, a ≠ 0 where a, b and c are real numbers, and of cubic polynomials using the Factor Theorem.

Recall of algebraic expressions and identities. and their use in factorization of polynomials.

LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES

Recall of linear equations in one variable. Introduction to the equation in two variables. Focus on linear equations of the type ax + by + c=0. Explain that a linear equation in two variables has infinitely many solutions and justify their being written as ordered pairs of real numbers, plotting them and showing that they lie on a line.

UNIT III: COORDINATE GEOMETRY

COORDINATE GEOMETRY

The Cartesian plane, coordinates of a point, names and terms associated with the coordinate plane, notations.

UNIT IV: GEOMETRY

INTRODUCTION TO EUCLID'S GEOMETRY

History - Geometry in India and Euclid's geometry. Euclid's method of formalizing observed phenomenon into rigorous Mathematics with definitions, common/obvious notions, axioms/postulates and theorems. The five postulates of Euclid. Showing the relationship between axiom and theorem, for example:

(Axiom) 1. Given two distinct points, there exists one and only one line through them. (Theorem) 2. (Prove) Two distinct lines cannot have more than one point in common.

LINES AND ANGLES

(Motivate) If a ray stands on a line, then the sum of the two adjacent angles so formed is 180O and the converse.

(Prove) If two lines intersect, vertically opposite angles are equal.

(Motivate) Lines which are parallel to a given line are parallel.

TRIANGLES

(Motivate) Two triangles are congruent if any two sides and the included angle of one triangle is equal to any two sides and the included angle of the other triangle (SAS Congruence).

(Prove) Two triangles are congruent if any two angles and the included side of one triangle is equal to any two angles and the included side of the other triangle (ASA Congruence).

(Motivate) Two triangles are congruent if the three sides of one triangle are equal to three sides of the other triangle (SSS Congruence).

(Motivate) Two right triangles are congruent if the hypotenuse and a side of one triangle are equal (respectively) to the hypotenuse and a side of the other triangle. (RHS Congruence)

(Prove) The angles opposite to equal sides of a triangle are equal.

(Motivate) The sides opposite to equal angles of a triangle are equal.

QUADRILATERALS

(Prove) The diagonal divides a parallelogram into two congruent triangles.

(Motivate) In a parallelogram opposite sides are equal, and conversely.

(Motivate) In a parallelogram opposite angles are equal, and conversely.

(Motivate) A quadrilateral is a parallelogram if a pair of its opposite sides is parallel and equal.

(Motivate) In a parallelogram, the diagonals bisect each other and conversely.

(Motivate) In a triangle, the line segment joining the mid points of any two sides is parallel to the third side and in half of it and (motivate) its converse.

CIRCLES

(Prove) Equal chords of a circle subtend equal angles at the center and (motivate) its converse.

(Motivate) The perpendicular from the center of a circle to a chord bisects the chord and conversely, the line drawn through the center of a circle to bisect a chord is perpendicular to the chord.

(Motivate) Equal chords of a circle (or of congruent circles) are equidistant from the center (or their respective centers) and conversely.

(Prove) The angle subtended by an arc at the center is double the angle subtended by it at any point on the remaining part of the circle.

(Motivate) Angles in the same segment of a circle are equal.

(Motivate) If a line segment joining two points subtends equal angle at two other points lying on the same side of the line containing the segment, the four points lie on a circle.

(Motivate) The sum of either of the pair of the opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180° and its converse.

UNIT V: MENSURATION

AREAS

Area of a triangle using Heron's formula (without proof)

SURFACE AREAS AND VOLUMES

Surface areas and volumes of spheres (including hemispheres) and right circular cones.

UNIT VI: STATISTICS

STATISTICS

Bar graphs, histograms (with varying base lengths), and frequency polygons.

### Science Class 9 Syllabus CBSE

Theme: Materials

Unit I: Matter-Nature and Behaviour

Definition of matter; solid, liquid and gas; characteristics - shape, volume, density; change of state- melting (absorption of heat), freezing, evaporation (cooling by evaporation), condensation, sublimation.

Nature of matter: Elements, compounds and mixtures. Heterogeneous and homogenous mixtures, colloids and suspensions. Physical and chemical changes (excluding separating the components of a mixture).

Particle nature and their basic units: Atoms and molecules, Law of Chemical Combination, Chemical formula of common compounds, Atomic and molecular masses.

Structure of atoms: Electrons, protons and neutrons, Valency, Atomic Number and Mass Number, Isotopes and Isobars.

Theme: The World of the Living

Unit II: Organization in the Living World

Cell - Basic Unit of life : Cell as a basic unit of life; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, multicellular organisms; cell membrane and cell wall, cell organelles and cell inclusions; chloroplast, mitochondria, vacuoles, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus; nucleus, chromosomes - basic structure, number.

Tissues, Organs, Organ System, Organism: Structure and functions of animal and plant tissues (only four types of tissues in animals; Meristematic and Permanent tissues in plants).

Theme: Moving Things, People and Ideas

Unit III: Motion, Force and Work

Motion: Distance and displacement, velocity; uniform and non-uniform motion along a straight line; acceleration, distance-time and velocity-time graphs for uniform motion and uniformly accelerated motion, elementary idea of uniform circular motion.

Force and Newton’s laws : Force and Motion, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Action and Reaction forces, Inertia of a body, Inertia and mass, Momentum, Force and Acceleration.

Gravitation: Gravitation; Universal Law of Gravitation, Force of Gravitation of the earth (gravity), Acceleration due to Gravity; Mass and Weight; Free fall.

Floatation: Thrust and Pressure. Archimedes’ Principle; Buoyancy.

Work, Energy and Power: Work done by a Force, Energy, power; Kinetic and Potential energy; Law of conservation of energy (excluding commercial unit of Energy).

Sound: Nature of sound and its propagation in various media, speed of sound, range of hearing in humans; ultrasound; reflection of sound; echo.

Theme: Food

Unit IV: Food Production

Plant and animal breeding and selection for quality improvement and management; Use of fertilizers and manures; Protection from pests and diseases; Organic farming.